Greenland Shark
Somniosus microcephalus

(Bloch & J.G.Schneider, 1801)

Common Name Gurry shark, grey shark, Eqalussuaq (Inuit)
Range Arctic, Greenland
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Chondrichthyes
Order Squaliformes
Family Somniosidae
Genus Somniosus
Species • S. microcephalus
Conservation Status
(IUCN 3.1)
Near Threatened

The Greenland Shark is the largest living species of shark, the size comparable to the Great White Shark. These sharks live farther north than any other shark species. Many of the species' adaptations are due to it being the only truly sub-Arctic species of shark. They are closely related to the Pacific sleeper shark.The shark is actually a deep water shark, and lives thousands of feet underwater.

The scientists estimated that Greenland Shark could live up to 200 years old and so far not much are known about them. People know less about this species as no commercial fisheries on the species.

They are apex predator mostly eating fish. Recorded fish have included smaller sharks, skates, eels, herring, redfish, lumpfish and flounders. They may also prey on marine mammals such as seals.

A parasitic worm at their eyes make Greenland Shark actually blind. However, they have impeccable sense of smell and even able to detect vibration. Eyesight probably unneeded as they live in the dark underwater.


Rare Encounter with Greenland Shark - Adam Ravetch

Rare Encounter with Greenland Shark - Adam Ravetch

Marine Marine HabitatsAquariumsGlobal OceansOcean Weather
Vertebrate FishesMammalsReptilesAmphibiansCartilaginous FishesSharks
Invertebrate ArthropodMolluscaEchinodermsCnidaria
Conservation Status Critically EndangeredEndangeredNear ThreatenedVulnerableLeast ConcernData DeficientNot Evaluated