Range Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Conservation Status
(IUCN 3.1)
Least Concern

Flounders are bottom dwellers that depend upon camouflage to disguise themselves on the sandy seafloor.

There are a number of geographical and taxonomic species to which flounder belong. Flounders are unique flatfish that have adapted to living in the open ocean by having good camouflage. It hides in the sand from predators, and eats small fish that happen to swim close to it. Some flounders, like the Peacock Flounder, even have the ability to change colors, even though it's only to some expanse. When flounders are born they have 2 eyes on either side of their body, and as they mature they slowly come together at one side, allowing the flounder to use it's camouflage in the sand.

Western AtlanticEdit

  • Gulf flounder - Paralichthys albigutta
  • Southern flounder - Paralichthys lethostigma
  • Summer flounder (also known as fluke) - Paralichthys dentatus
  • Winter flounder - Pseudopleuronectes americanus

European watersEdit

European flounder - Platichthys flesus

Northwestern PacificEdit

Olive flounder - Paralichthys olivaceus


Marine Marine HabitatsAquariumsGlobal OceansOcean Weather
Vertebrate FishesMammalsReptilesAmphibiansCartilaginous FishesSharks
Invertebrate ArthropodMolluscaEchinodermsCnidaria
Conservation Status Critically EndangeredEndangeredNear ThreatenedVulnerableLeast ConcernData DeficientNot Evaluated